The newly discovered Coronavirus, known as COVID-19 is a highly infectious disease that was first seen in Hubei province, China. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Coronavirus symptoms of COVID-19 include:
- Fever (of more than 100.4°F or 38°C)
- Shortness of breath
- Sore throat
Within 2 to 14 days, these symptoms listed above may appear after its initial exposure. However, even if a person is not showing any signs of the Coronavirus symptoms listed above, the person still is infectious. The infected person could spread it towards others.
It is important to note that the Coronavirus can cause pneumonia, an infection that causes inflammation in the air sacs of the lungs.
Both bacteria and viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia. While bacterial infection that causes pneumonia can either appear quickly or slowly, the severity of pneumonia is worse than of viral cause.
Bacterial pneumonia causes more inflammation in the arteries than viral pneumonia. This can lead to higher fevers, higher levels of inflammation markers in the blood and high white blood cell counts. Bacterial pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics, whereas viral pneumonia cannot be treated using antibiotics.
Antiviral drugs that we use for flu will not work. In severe cases of viral pneumonia, it can lead to organ failure. For those showcasing Coronavirus symptoms, the speed of recovery is dependent on the affected victim’s immune system. While statistics may appear grim with the infected count increasing every day, recovery is not impossible for those infected.
With proper care and treatment, over 30,000 people have recovered from COVID-19 across the globe since the Coronavirus outbreak.
If you’ve recently traveled, been in contact with someone who contracted COVID-19 or is showing signs of the Coronavirus, here’s what you should do.
What You Should Do
If you believe you are experiencing the symptoms above or have been in contact with someone who exhibits Coronavirus symptoms, it is best to approach a healthcare provider and take the necessary precautions:
- Restrict outdoor activities to prevent disease transmittal Stay within confined areas in your home
- Wear a face mask
- If you have a medical appointment, contact your healthcare provider in advance. This allows them to take necessary preventive measures
- Wash your hands often for at least 20 seconds
- Avoid sharing personal household items between family members
- Clean each item after use
- Do not travel while sick (If you are traveling, please read this to protect yourself)
- Restrict contact with pets and other animals, dead or alive. While there have been no cases reported of animals becoming sick with COVID-19, COVID-19 still is a zoonotic disease that allows for the virus to jump between animals and humans. The Coronavirus symptoms in humans have been adapted to humans and are very species specific. However, cross-species transmission may be possible as shown with the introduction of COVID-19 from animals to humans. If you must care for your pet or be around animals while sick, wear a face mask and always wash your hands before and after contact
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue or sleeve if you cough or sneeze
With proper steps, Coronavirus prevention is possible. Again, if you believe you are experiencing these Coronavirus symptoms, act with cautious and contact your healthcare provider.